The Affordable Care Act And Beyond


Assessment 1 Instructions: The Affordable Care Act and Beyond

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· Complete a 3 page assessment template analyzing the impacts of The Affordable Care Act on the health care ecosystem we inhabit today and the related significance of one other health care initiative enacted since 2010.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA or ACA) was signed into law by President Barack Obama in 2010. The ACA attempts to increase access to care, reduce cost, and improve quality. Nearly 50 different reform initiatives will be implemented between 2010 and 2017. Although primary care is a major focus of the act, these additional initiatives are focused on 10 different areas, including public health, prevention of disease, community health, and increasing revenue provisions to pay for the reform (Niles, 2021). The law has been controversial due to the mandate that all people in the United States must purchase health insurance. The future is still uncertain for the ACA.

The U.S. government plays a significant role in the operation of the country's health care system. Quality, access, funding, education, and preventative services are all influenced by the U.S. government (Niles, 2021), and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has further increased the role and involvement of the government in health care. All health care administrators must be knowledgeable on the role of the government. Numerous governmental organizations exist, such as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the Office of the Surgeon General to name a few. Each organization exists for a specific purpose and has a specific mission. Your role as an administrator will be to understand the scope of these agencies and to help your organization meet or exceed the governmental mandates imposed by each.

As leaders in our field, it is our responsibility to stay on top of current issues and laws and to be visionaries for our organizations. Subscribing to email bulletins and alerts from the various governmental agencies is one way to stay abreast of changing regulations. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid ServicesHHS.gov, and Healthcare.gov are excellent resources that all administrators should check on a regular basis. The government, technology, and the changing financial landscape will all continue to impact and change the health care industry (Niles, 2021), and as health care administrators, we must be prepared to quickly respond.

Reference

Niles, N. J. (2021). Basics of the U.S. health care system (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning. 

The U.S. health care system was impacted significantly in 2010 by the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Although the ACA improved access to health care, it emphasized the need for policies that increase funding and to streamline enrollment. Since the implementation of the ACA, newer reform policies and initiatives such as the Hospital Quality Initiative (2012), the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) (2015), the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), and the American Rescue Plan Act (2021) have increased quality initiatives through regulatory laws. In this assessment, you will review the Affordable Care Act and other more recent initiatives to understand the significance of quality evolution.

Reference

Niles, N. J. (2021). Basics of the U.S. health care system (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Instructions

Using the Assessment 1 Template [DOCX], analyze the impacts of the ACA on the health care ecosystem we inhabit today. As part of this analysis, discuss the related significance of one other health care initiative enacted since 2010. Select this initiative from a list of the following four historical health care quality milestones:

· The Hospital Quality Initiative (2012).

· The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) (2015).

· The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) (2015).

3. Although MIPS is a component of MACRA, you may choose to focus on it separately.

. The American Rescue Plan Act (2021).

In your assessment template, include the following:

. Title page.

. Introduction.

6. Preview the main themes of your paper.

. Annotated bibliography.

7. Demonstrate research ability by identifying three quality sources supporting the ACA.

7. Demonstrate research ability by identifying three quality sources supporting your chosen focused topic in health care legislation, a regulatory agency, or a quality initiative.

7. Summarize each of the six articles separately to show comprehension of both topics.

7. Include APA citations for each source.

. Draft a summary (1) addressing how the ACA and the other topic selected have impacted today’s health care ecosystem.

. Conclusion.

. References.

Note: Your sources for this assessment must be evidence-based research, peer-reviewed journal articles, or reliable primary sources from government or professional organization publications.

Additional Requirements

. Length: Your paper must be a minimum of 3 double-spaced pages, not including the title page and References section.

. Font: Times New Roman, 12 point.

. References: Cite and summarize at least six peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles or reliable primary sources from government or professional organization publications.

. Style: Format your paper according to APA style. Refer to Evidence and APA for guidance.

Note: Please review the The Affordable Care Act and Beyond Scoring Guide before you begin the assessment.

Competencies Measured

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

. Competency 1: Analyze current health reform, policy, and regulation in U.S. health care.

15. Analyze peer-reviewed literature that discusses how the Affordable Care Act has impacted the quality of and access to care.

15. Analyze peer-reviewed literature that discusses how initiatives since the Affordable Care Act have impacted the quality of and access to care.

15. Evaluate ways in which quality has improved or not improved since 2010.

. Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others.

16. Write with minimal grammar, usage, spelling, and mechanical errors.

16. Apply proper APA formatting and citation style as required.

· SCORING GUIDE

Use the scoring guide to understand how your assessment will be evaluated.

VIEW SCORING GUIDE

The Affordable Care Act and Beyond

 

Your Name

School of Business, Technology, and Health Care Administration, Capella University

BHA-FPX4003: Present and Future State Developments within the United States Health Care System

Faculty

Date, Year

Template Instructions (delete this page after reading)

· Review the assessment scoring guide before you complete this template so that you understand the difference between “Distinguished,” “Proficient,” “Basic,” and “Non-Performance” grading levels.

· The headings in the template below are designed to correspond to the scoring criteria. Please maintain these headings.

· For this assessment, you will analyze the impacts of the Affordable Care Act on the healthcare ecosystem we inhabit today. As part of this analysis, you will also discuss the related significance of one other health care initiative enacted since 2010 selected from the following:

· The Hospital Quality Initiative (2012)

· The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) (2015)

· The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) (2015)

· The American Rescue Plan Act (2021)

· Please delete these instructions and all other instructions [contained in brackets] throughout the template prior to submitting this document for grading.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

[Provide a brief introduction to the main themes of your paper here.]

Sources Addressing the Affordable Care Act

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

Follow your citation [on a new line] with your information about the source. Tab to move the first line over so the annotation falls in line with the hanging indent. This could be a summary or a critical analysis for why this would be useful in addressing the topic of your paper. The entire page is double-spaced with no extra space after the paragraph. Your references will be in APA7 format with the hanging indent and in alphabetical order.

Author’s last name, First name initial. Middle initial. (Year of publication). Title of the book in italics. Publishing company. DOI or URL if available

Follow your citation [on a new line] with your information about the source. Tab to move the first line over so the annotation falls in line with the hanging indent. This could be a summary or a critical analysis for why this would be useful in addressing the topic of your paper. The entire page is double-spaced with no extra space after the paragraph. Your references will be in APA7 format with the hanging indent and in alphabetical order.

Author’s last name, First name initial. Middle initial. (Year of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal in Italics, volume number(Issue number), pages used. DOI number

Follow your citation [on a new line] with your information about the source. Tab to move the first line over so the annotation falls in line with the hanging indent. This could be a summary or a critical analysis for why this would be useful in addressing the topic of your paper. The entire page is double-spaced with no extra space after the paragraph. Your references will be in APA7 format with the hanging indent and in alphabetical order.

Sources Addressing [enter here the health care initiative after the ACA that you selected]

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

Follow your citation [on a new line] with your information about the source. Tab to move the first line over so the annotation falls in line with the hanging indent. This could be a summary or a critical analysis for why this would be useful in addressing the topic of your paper. The entire page is double-spaced with no extra space after the paragraph. Your references will be in APA7 format with the hanging indent and in alphabetical order.

Author’s last name, First name initial. Middle initial. (Year of publication). Title of the book in italics. Publishing company. DOI or URL if available

Follow your citation [on a new line] with your information about the source. Tab to move the first line over so the annotation falls in line with the hanging indent. This could be a summary or a critical analysis for why this would be useful in addressing the topic of your paper. The entire page is double-spaced with no extra space after the paragraph. Your references will be in APA7 format with the hanging indent and in alphabetical order.

Author’s last name, First name initial. Middle initial. (Year of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal in Italics, volume number(Issue number), pages used. DOI number

Follow your citation [on a new line] with your information about the source. Tab to move the first line over so the annotation falls in line with the hanging indent. This could be a summary or a critical analysis for why this would be useful in addressing the topic of your paper. The entire page is double-spaced with no extra space after the paragraph. Your references will be in APA7 format with the hanging indent and in alphabetical order.

Impacts of the ACA and [enter here initiative you chose] on the U.S. Health Care Ecosystem

Affordable Care Act Overview

[Explain the history, structure, and purpose of the Affordable Care Act.]

[Enter here the initiative you chose] Overview

[Explain the history, structure, and purpose of the (enter your selected initiative here).]

Impact on the U.S. Health Care Ecosystem

· [Explain the relationship between the ACA and your chosen initiative.]

· [What groundwork did the ACA create to make your chosen initiative possible?]

· [Explain the present and future impacts of the ACA and your chosen initiative on the U.S. health care system.]

· [What groundwork does your chosen initiative create that could be expanded or extrapolated in future initiatives?]

· [Cite at least one scholarly/professional source to support your prediction(s).]

Conclusion

[Based the sources and analysis you included in this paper, answer the following question in one paragraph: “Does the future of U.S. health care appear to improve or decline?”]

References

[Lastname, C. (2018). Title of the source without caps except Proper Nouns or: First word after colon. The Journal or Publication Italicized and Capped, Vol#(Issue#), Page numbers.]

[Lastname, O. (2019). Online journal using DOI or digital object identifier. Main Online Journal Name, Vol#(Issue#), 159–192. doi: 10.1000/182]

[Lastname, W. (2021). If there is no DOI use the URL of the main website referenced. Article Without DOI Reference, Vol#(Issue#), 166–212. http://www.mainwebsite.org]

 

[NOTE: The above references are SAMPLES ONLY. For more information and example related to references, visit Capella’s Writing Center. You are responsible for submitting appropriate in-text and reference page citations.]



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